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Architecture

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Rumah Orang Batavia
Batavian houseChinese Shophouse in Batavia
Penelitian Modern Tentang Kelenteng di JakartaJin De Yuan The Oldest Chinese Temple in Batavia

Penelitian pertama tentang kelenteng di jaman modern dilakukan oleh Denis Lombart dan Claudine Salmon (Lombart and Salmon, 1985). Mereka mengamati 70 kelenteng di Jakarta dari sudut kehidupan social orang Tionghoa. Dari 70 kelenteng ini, hanya kurang dari 10 buah yang dapat di kategorikan kelenteng yang tua dengan arsitektur yang unik. Hampir semuanya kelenteng baru atau renovasi yang dibangun kurang dari satu abad. Mereka menerbitkan penelitian ini dalam bahasa perancis dengan ringkasan dalam bahasa Inggris.

Modern Reseach on Chinese Temple in JakartaJin De Yuan The Oldest Chinese Temple in Batavia

The first research on the chinese temple in modern era was done by Denis Lombart and Claudine Salmon (Lombart and Salmon, 1985). They study around 70 temples in Jakarta from the side of Chinese social life. However, among 70 temples only less than 10 could be included old temples with unique architecture. Most of them are new temples built less than a century. They published their research in French with a summary in English. The summary was translated into Indonesian by Yayasan Cipta Loka caraka.   Although the research is in Jakarta, it represents almost all temple in Java.

Tulisan Tentang KelentengInterior of Jin de Yuan temple in old Jakarta

Rumah ibadah orang Tionghoa di Indonesia disebut Kelenteng. Kelenteng adalah kata dari Guan Yin Ting atau rumah ibadah Guan Yin (Lombart dan Salmon, 1985: 10).  Menurut Ezerman kata kelenteng dating dari suara lonceng yang datang dari kelenteng ketika ada upacara (Ezerman 1922). Kelenteng is the centre of Chinese community and the centre of Chinese cultural activity. Kelenteng merupakan pusat komunitas dan aktivitas budaya serta keagamaan orang Tionghoa. Ada 70 kelenteng di Jakarta tersebar di semua wilayah, ini memperlihatkan partisipasi orang Tionghoa sebagai bagian penghuni kota.

Tulisan

Writing on the Chinese templeInterior of Jin de Yuan temple in old Jakarta

Chinese temple in Indonesia is called Kelenteng. It is a word that came from Guan Yin Ting or temple of Guan Yin (Lombart and Salmon, 1985: 10). According to Ezerman the word kelenteng comes from the sound of a bell that came out from the temple when there is a ceremony (Ezerman 1922). Kelenteng is the centre of religious and cultural activity of Chinese community. There are 70 of temple in Jakarta scattered in the cities manifest Chinese role in the setlement that makes common value of the inhabitants.

Writings on the Chinese temple in Java are scatered in several paper that are focusing on

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