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1. Hotel Des Indes

1. Hotel Des Indes

With the construction of shopping complex Duta Merlin in 1971, Hotel Duta Indonesia’s history is finished. It was a famous hotel like Raffles Hotel in Singapore or Clarence House in London. Jakarta lost one more historical building, which has witnessed the development of this city from the late 18th century until the 70s.

Not all parts of Hotel Duta Insonesia, formerly Hotel des Indes, was as old as that. The oldest part was the south pavilion, usually used for receptions or exhibitions. This building was once not a pavilion, but a complete residence, the main house  with left and right buildings, slave houses, stables and a wide garden. The situation was not much changed from its original house, formerly called Moenswijk.

The land parcel of Moenswijk was one of the villas built by the rich along street that flanked Molenvliet canal late in the end of the 18th century. The city development to the south was initiated with the construction of canal Molenvliet connecting the city to the area called Weltevreden. The road connected Batavia with the hinterland was already existed in the 17th century.

In the 18th century, the rich, mainly VOC officials, had been competing to build villas along that street. Because the situation in the city increasingly considered unhealthy, so then they build villas with extensive gardens in the area outside the city to the south. The city border at that time was around Pancoran in Glodok. Due to  the traffic on the canal, development to the South was more profitable.

At first the villa was only inhabited during Sundays and other holidays, so as villa at Puncak resort area today. The distance at that time was far enough as they rode horse cart. From downtown to the villa of Reinier de Klerk in Molenvliet took an hour by horse cart.

Hotel des Indies
Hotel des Indies