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2. The Name Tijgergracht (Tiger Canal)

At the beginning of 1762, with increasing urbanization in Batavia, these predators disappear. At least recorded in the book of indie plakaatboek nederland, mentioning that the Governor-General Van der Parra decided that the need to kill the tiger was not so important any more. But in the previous century, the tiger's name was a respected name that is used to name a canal which was the longest and oldest canal in Batavia.

Tiger Canal lied parallel to the Great River, which flowed Ciliwung river and flows from Amsterdam canal along the Town Hall. From inside the walls of the canal city was extended outside the walls and named outer Tiger Canal, ending at meandering Great River. Later when the Europeans lived outside the walls, they built houses with a large yard. It was true, that not only along Tiger Canal they established spacious house.  Along the roads from  the five gates of the city, they built spacious houses along the road to Anjol, Jacatra and elsewhere. Especially along Amanusgracht (Amanus Canal), a canal dug by attorney J. Amanus in 1647. This canal flowed from the outer city embankment into the great river for block of wood and bamboo transportation. Then, when the European population increased they built great Indies house. Valentine, seemed very happy with Tijgersgracht. In his Essays About Batavia he explains:

"The fourth is Tiger Canal, a row of good buildings, uniform, and, as far as I know in this town, the streets at its both side are beautiful. These streets have four stone bridges with vaulted arches, and one of wood. The street is clean with a row of trees beyond anything I have ever seen in the Netherlands, although in Amsterdam on Heeregracht and elsewhere palaces and canals are broader, here they present a pleasant place. Most people walk at 4 or 5 pm on the sidewalk or sitting on a bench at the edge of the canal under the trees, chatting with their good friends, sitting, smoking a pipe and drinking wine. In Holland all the castles are usually seen closed, and the trees are not so leafy and green as it is at Tijgergracht".

It is the color "green" that was needed this environment. Walnut trees planted on the banks of the canal, was the Indian plant species that provide more color with pinnate leaves. Although there was no autumn here the European atmosphere was needed, the color changed from green leaves appear whitish in the sun becomes very graceful like autumn. So that Jan de Marre wrote:

The Tiger Canal where the Batavian lives like the roman,

Tiger Canal that made me proud,

and this Jewel is called the queen of the east,

is a rich and fruitful place

A row of magnificent palaces like in the air,

all the buildings are decorated with beautiful ornaments,

that white walls and doors inlaid beauty,

enriched and decorated with carvings and decorations,

overshadowed by green foliage,

            an amazing place.

Tijgergracht
Tijgergracht
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