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B. Hegelian's legacy.

     The history of social, politic and economic happened since the human-being civilization. But history of art and history  of architecture started since Hegel found his idea that art can not be seen as a static system. Demetri Porphyrios said that the history of the history of architecture from Strzygowski, Burckhardt, Riegl, Wolfin, Frankl, Wittkower, Pevsner, or Gideon, to contemporary scholarship, has been the history of reinterpreting the concept of representation and idea, always remaining within the legacy of Hegelian idealism.(1)

Along the history of art and architecture, we can trace the influence of the both basic perspectives over various historical concepts and approaches, from the most pragmatic and multi faceted approach. But it is almost impossible to deny the influence of hegelian concept of idea, spirit of the age and historical determinism.

Hegel's philosophy, metaphysical optimism reveal that the entire historical process was a necessary development leading to the evolution of the self knowing spirit. The heart of his doctrine is dialectic, which firmly established the metaphysical  optimism in relativism. By this way he tried to make a hierarchy of art forms related to the hierarchy of spiritual value:(2)

     Poetry        -     Pure meaning

     Music         -     Dematerialized art form

     Painting      -     Advanced spiritualization

     Sculpture     -     Spiritualization of matter

     Architecture  -     Bound to matter

City of Dreams Florence
City of Dreams Florence