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Mega-urbanization of Jakarta 1

Glodok Market
Glodok Market

Mega-urbanization in Jakarta is accumulation of several aspects, ranges from heavy urban transportation to the influx of urban inhabitant that is already more than 10 million people in the evening. In the day there are more than 12 million people in Jakarta because many commuter live in Bekasi, Tangerang, Depok, and Bogor come to work in the city. The urban area sprawls into its gigantic size taking smaller towns in its surrounding into Jabodetabek area. One aspect that recently becomes a hot issue in the city is the growing of the trade centre as shopping centre or “new style of market” all over the city.

Flieringa, a Dutch intellectual in 1930’s said, "Indie zonder pasars is moeilijke te denken". It means that Indonesia – in this case is Java - without market is difficult to imagine, because most of the trading is dominated by informal sector in the market. This statement occurs to the condition of Jakarta. The city, which was established by Jan Pieter zon Coen in the 17th century as a place of market, where herb from Molluca and its surrounding was collected, is an accumulation of pasars. It grew as a large market of Java where crops were sold and exported to other places in the archipelago.

During the colonial era the markets were allowed to open in a certain day in a week. There was a market that is opened on Monday and called as Pasar Senen. There was also market allowed to open on Saturday, it is Pasar Tanah Abang. The market scattered at every corner of the city and outside of the city wall where the Chinese dominate the market. Inside the city wall there was Vishmarkt (or pasar ikan) as the only market inside the city. The regulation to open a market once a week is influenced by the Dutch tradition in Europe where market is only once a week.  

The function of a market continued until modern days where large party of electronic ware, clothes, and other goods were accumulated in Jakarta and then delivered to other cities in Indonesia. Although the old market such as Pasar Ikan near Sunda Kelapa harbor, Pasar Baru and Pasar Senen and Pasar Tanah Abang still exist, nearby the markets have been established malls. The market such as Pasar Senen and Pasar Tanah Abang are still important economic points in modern Jakarta. Even the formerly morning market in Mangga Dua has grown up to be a large modern market. Although Glodok has been burned several times when riots occurred, she is still the largest and important market in Indonesia where all wares are sold.

Jakarta is truly a paradise for shoppers. Most of the Indonesian who came to Jakarta would like to visit the market of Glodok, Tanah Abang, and Mangga Dua where they could find goods in less expensive price. In the information age Jakarta is the center of hard and soft ware computer sale. Almost in every corner of the urban quarter there are malls where computer are sold. Jakarta is a place of those who wants to buy illegal software in a cheap price.